Evolution of Android from Cupcake to Android M

What is Android??  

How Does Android Operating system evolved?

Android is a Mobile Operating system(OS) based on Linux Kernel. Android Inc. was founded in Palo Alto, California in 2003. The founder of this was Andy Rubin, Rich Miner, Nick Sears, Chris White and many others.

evolution of android from cupcake to lollipop and android m

Android was an advance OS which was actually developed for DIGITAL CAMERAS. But, The founder Andy Rubin then realised that the market for digital cameras was not large enough. So, The company diverted their effort to produce a new open source operating system(based on Linux kernel) for smartphones. this aspect totally convinced Larry Page(Founder of the Google search engine) and gave birth to the Mobile division in Google. After that Android Inc. was acquired by Google Inc. on August 17, 2005 with Andy Rubin, Rich miner and chris white and many others.

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Later on they started developing the the stack of android and they build the Operating System from stack. With huge efforts of Rubin and all his workers in Google they built the first version of Android which was called as Alpha version and the released a beta version to that later on they released their their first version of android.

Android version 1.0 :

Android 1.0 alpha

After all the attempts google released their first version on october 22nd 2008. Android 1.0 was a great first start, but there were still so many gaps in functionality. Physical keyboards and tons of hardware buttons were mandatory, as Android devices were still not allowed to be sold without a d-pad or trackball. Base smartphone functionality like auto-rotate wasn't here yet, either. Updates for built-in apps weren't possible through the Android Market the way they were today. All the Google Apps were interwoven with the operating system. If Google wanted to update a single app, an update for the entire operating system needed to be pushed out through the carriers.

Android Version 1.1 :

android 1.1

The android platform was updated for the first time in February 2009. This update was not a revolutionary update. It just included all the patches for the long lengthy bugs list.

As Everyone knows that Each android major release is named in Alphabetical order after a dessert or sugary treat and they started that from now and released the future updates with a dessert name but the name started with letter 'C' instead of 'A'. No one knows what made google to start the name with letter 'C'. This might be because they released 2 updates and next update was 3rd so they might have started name just because of that and now the first update with a sugary treat was Cupcake.......

Read also : How to Install Android M launcher in any lollipop device 

Android Version 1.5 - Cupcake :

android cupcake 1.5

After a flop update of android version 1.1 they updated the android with major features. Google has started to name their major releases with dessert or sugary treat and named this update as cupcake. This update was released in april 2009. This update was tested on second android device HTC magic without a hardware keyboard. Virtual Keyboard was major improvement in this update. Google Maps was added for the first time. 

Android Version 1.6 - Donut :

android donut 1.6

The fourth version of Android 1.6, Donut launched in September 2009, five months after Cupcake hit the market. Despite the myriad of updates, Google was still adding basic functionality to Android. Donut brought support for different screen sizes, CDMA support, and a text-to-speech engine and many more

Flexible for different sizes, CDMA supports was added, Android market was updated with version 1.6 and added with screenshots feature, Quick search box, Text to voice recognition, Track your battery usage, Grouping of applications, Gesture framework was added so that Application Developers can Create, Store, Recognise and Load associate with specific action and many more

Android version 2.0 - Eclairs

Android eclairs 2.0

After 41 days of donut released the next android version 2.0 was released and named it as Eclairs(alphabetic E). This major update was a very big update for android and was launched in october 2009. this version was tested on THE MOTOROLA DROID the first "second generation" android device. Google has added much improvements in the SDk and Developers console so that developers can easily make apps. 

Multiple Google accounts can be added to same device, Google maps navigation, Soft key improvements, Speech to text,Quick contacts, New lock screen, Browser was updated with new user interface and now browser supports HTML5, Bluetooth 2.1 support and many more...

Android Version 2.2 - Froyo

android 2.2 froyo

Android 2.2 came out four months after the release of 2.1, in May 2010. Froyo featured major under-the-hood improvements for Android, all made in the name of speed. The biggest addition was just-in-time (JIT) compilation. JIT automatically converted java bytecode into native code at runtime, which led to drastic performance improvements across the board.

Usb tethering and hotspot support, Support for adobe Flash 10.1, Bluetooth support for voice dialing, Calendar sync, Support Radio, New linux kernel, Guide widget was added, Keyboard supported multiple languages, Move to SD card supported, Live wallpaper support and many more

Android version 2.3 - Gingerbread

android 2.3 gingerbread

Gingerbread was released in December 2010, a whopping seven months after the release of 2.2. The wait was worth it, though, as Android 2.3 changed just about every screen in the OS. It was the first major overhaul since the initial formation of Android in version 0.9. 2.3 would kick off a series of continual revamps in an attempt to turn Android from an ugly duckling into something that was capable of holding its own aesthetically against the iPhone.

User interface was improved, Support for front facing camera's which helped for video calls, Better battery management tools, Keyboard was drastically improved, Added integrated internet call feature, Select,copy, paste was improved and many more

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